People mostly have bugs mistaken for lice. Here is complete comparison Lice vs Bed bugs. We are going to discuss here the similarities and then differences. Bed bugs and Lice both are small parasites and live on human blooding. Lice and bed bugs have several things in common. They are tiny, and they hide, which makes them generally invisible. Both are wingless, cannot fly or jump. They can crawl anywhere. These insects parasitize the skin of human organisms, so they are ectoparasites. The demonstrations that accompany their presence are unpleasant. They spread quickly, and it is difficult to get rid of them.
These parasites do not pose a real health hazard, but the inconvenience they cause and the difficulty in eliminating them permanently can become a real concern. In each case, the effective solution cannot be reduced to the simple application of a product, as effective as it is. The program must anticipate recurrences related to the fact that eggs persist after treatment and can then hatch, or that new contamination occurs from the environment or habitat.
Difference between lice and bed bugs
- They are different in size as lice are the size of sesame seed while bed bugs are the quarter of an inch. Bugs are larger than the lice.
- They both vary in color also. Lice are white or light grey color, but bugs are reddish-brown.
- About the shape, lice are oblong, and bugs are flat.
- Bed bugs are also potential carriers of virosis and, in any case, cause serious disturbance to the inhabitants of the accommodations that are infested with them.
- The lice mostly bite in the day time, but the bugs bite at night.
What are bed bugs?
Bed bugs, or bed fleas, are 5 to 8 millimeters in adulthood. It is, however, rare to see them because they only go out at night. The heat of the bodies can attract bugs and use their particularly efficient biting-sucking mouthpiece. First, they inject an anesthetic, which makes the bite painless, not to be detected, and an anticoagulant to thin the blood. Then they suck up all the blood they need. Bed bugs parasitize humans and also other mammals and birds.
How Do Lice vs Bed Bugs Look Like?
Lice look oblong and in some cases of leaf-shaped. On the other hand, bed bugs look flat and oval. About the color, they are different in color. Lice are dark grey or dull brown color that sometimes seems to be like transparent. Bed bugs are reddish-brown. The bed bug is more significant than a louse.
Where do bed bugs hide?
Bedbugs can hide when there is light, in the slots in the floors, in the recesses of the dwellings, in the beds (slots in the wooden structures, mattress seams); this is why we do hardly ever sees them.
They reproduce as soon as the conditions are favorable: sufficient temperature and presence of food. When the temperature is too low, they hibernate while waiting for better conditions. Larvae, large consumers of blood, can do without food for several months and thus wait, if necessary, without being threatened.
To prevent them, you should do:
- Clean the environment as bedding or other things that in touch with the infected person.
- Wash all the clothing or pillows, bedsheets, etc. in warm water and dry them properly.
- Treat all the family members, to ensure that the lice or bugs are removed from your home.
- Use insecticide lotions in case of bugs while use ivermectin or pyrethrin to cure the lice.
Don’t share your personal items with others to prevent yourself from lice.
Bed bug bite look like
Bedbugs most often bite the arms, legs, or back. It is common to have several bites aligned on a trajectory, and it is possible to end up in the morning with several dozen lesions!
The bites are usually painless and do not itch. They are, however, easily detected by very showy red lesions, which disappear in a few hours to a few days. In some cases, there is an allergic reaction with more or less intense manifestations, but this is rare. However, there is no known disease transmission.
How to get rid of bed bugs at home?
Bedbugs do not stay on the skin. There is no need to treat organisms. On the other hand, it is necessary to manage your entire accommodation rigorously to remove all the adults, larvae, and eggs.
Prior mechanical treatment is useful. It is done by carefully passing a vacuum cleaner spout into all the slots, then ideally a steam cleaner. It is also necessary to wash all bed linen at high temperatures.
Insecticide treatment is then necessary. You must then leave your home and bring in a specialist because the products used are potentially toxic. It will then be necessary to ventilate for a long time to remove the residues.
Are Natural Treatments Effective?
The usual treatments used against lice and bedbugs have proven efficacy. However, they have specific toxicity and are, therefore, not without risks. Natural solutions exist within particular essential oils and neem. They do not present any toxicity if the usual precautions are observed. Some seem at least as effective as drug solutions, but do not have a sufficient level of validation to guarantee it.
Certain aromatic active ingredients have well-known antiparasitic properties and can act on lice and bedbugs. They can work in the application on the body or in diffusion to decontaminate a house.
Many essential oils contain these active ingredients in various proportions. These generally do not have a specific assessment. Blends of essential oils are likely to be as effective, if not more, than pharmaceuticals, but the lack of evaluation of the proposed formulas does not guarantee this.
Use Of Neem:
The neem tree, better known by its English name (neem), is a tree native to India, which has many uses in Ayurvedic medicine. Its seeds contain various active ingredients (including azadirachtin) with marked insecticide and deworming properties.
Neem oil is used in agriculture and on animals to eliminate parasites. It is considered non-toxic locally, by the Ayurvedic tradition and by many users. However, it is suspect for health authorities, who do not authorize its sale as a natural insecticide.
Natural Lice Products:
There are natural solutions for lice. Three are given there positively: tea tree essential oil, coconut oil, and grapefruit seed extract. Several essential oils are known for anti-lice activity, tea tree being the best evaluated. The authors propose mixtures which increase the action by synergizing different active ingredients. There are thus preparations to be added to the shampoo for a preventive effect and others to be applied on the nape of the neck, leaving them to act at night for a curative effect.
Coconut oil has less spectacular action, slower and more challenging to apply. You can use this oil to dilute essential oil advantageously.
Add Liquid grapefruit seed extract in a volume equal to shampoo. According to a clinical trial carried out with this type of product, it is preferable to leave it on for 20 minutes before rinsing.
Neem oil is also useful, but its strong odor and the lack of clear validation on its safety do not argue in its favor.
Natural Products Against Bed bugs:
The peculiarity of bedbugs is that we do not treat the body but the accommodation. Decontamination takes place in a space that is kept closed and in the absence of its occupants. The question of toxicity nevertheless arises, upon their return, with the residues of products used. Before involving a specialized company that will use potentially toxic insecticides, which can leave residues, decontamination can be attempted with various natural active ingredients, mainly: Essential oils (cinnamon, peppermint, clove, and tea tree), to be diffused for at least 24 hours throughout the accommodation. Neem oil, possibly combined with essential oils, can be applied on floors, stockings of a wall.